Dementia is a general term which includes various conditions like memory loss, and other cognitive issues which significantly affect everyday life.
It can occur in various forms, such as vascular dementia, Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease. The most common type which occurs in about 60-80% of cases is Alzheimer’s disease.
There are many environmental, physiological and lifestyle factors that can contribute to the development of dementia. Some of these risk factors are modifiable, while the others are not. In this article, we will present you 9 simple strategies that will help you deal with the modifiable factors.
Some dementia risk factors can be controlled, such as:
- Head injuries
- Impaired thyroid function
- Low physical activity
- Poor diet and vitamin deficiencies
- Use of medication that contributes to dementia
- Cardiovascular risks such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes
- Alcohol use
We recommend 9 ways to lower the risk of dementia:
Smoking and high alcohol consumption are two factors that can lead to the development of many diseases. Recent scientific evidence has shown that smokers are at 45% higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease when compared to non-smokers or former smokers.
2.Be Physically Active
Regular physical activity can prevent many diseases. Therefore, people should walk at least 30 minutes every day.
B vitamins reduces the levels of a molecule called homocysteine or HC, which damages the vascular system. When in high levels, it increases the risk of strokes, heart diseases, and other vascular problems. Therefore, you should increase the intake of B complex vitamins to prevent age-related cognitive decline.
It was proved that reduced levels of vitamin D and cognitive decline cause dementia. Therefore, the use of vitamin D supplements prevents processes that contribute to dementia and Alzheimer’s.
The sun is a great source of vitamin D, but you can also use supplements, especially in the winter, when the sun exposure is reduced.
5.Challenge Your Brain
A study showed that dementia occurs 5 years later in bilingual people compared to people who speak only one language.
Challenging your brain brings great benefits. Scientists have also found that doing crossword puzzles often delays dementia by 2.5 years.
6.Prevent Head Injuries
Make sure you wear a helmet whenever you ride a bike or you do any winter sports. It will prevent head injuries and brain damage.
7.Control Your Alcohol Intake
Dementia can be prevented if you reduce the alcohol intake since it increases the risk of dementia. .
8.Track Your Numbers
Make sure you keep a track of the values of your weight, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels since they not only raise the risk of dementia but they also have an impact on your stroke and heart disease risk too.
Socializing is very important for your health. You can take a walk in nature with a friend, or at least talk to a few friends or relatives every day in order to prevent severe health issues.
Additionally, doctors maintain that learning new things support the health of the brain!