First, I would like to say a few words about the spine! The spine or also called the vertebral column or spinal column is composed of a series of bones called vertebrae stacked one upon another. There are four regions of the spine:cervical (neck); thoracic (chest/trunk); lumbar (low back) and sacral (pelvic).
Cervical vertebrae are the smallest of the vertebrae. The first cervical vertebra is called the atlas and is significantly different from the other vertebrae. It is ring-like in shape with two large protrusions on the sides to support the weight of the head. The second cervical vertebra is called the axis. The axis is also unique in that it has a bony peg-like protrusion, called the dens or odontoid on its upper surface that fits within the ring of the atlas. The curve of the neck is described as a lordosis curve, and looks like a “C” in reverse.