Garlic is used since ancient times not only because of its specific taste but also because of its various and numerous health benefits.
Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is specie in the onion genus, Allium. Its relatives are leek, onion, garlic, shallot,chive and rakkyo.
Here are all the different types of garlic and their beneficial effects on our health:
Young garlic is rich in vitamins C and K which are important for proper bone development. Vitamin C helps in collagen production that improves the bone strength and increases the usage of calcium from food. On the other hand, vitamin K plays a major role in maintaining the bone density. Garlic is also rich in vitamin A which improves the eyesight. It is also proven that it protects the body from inflammations. It contains sulfide or sulfur compounds which reduce the risk from developing colon cancer.
It is rich in bioflavonoids kaempferol, which protects the blood vessels. Many ignore the fact that leek contains folic acid which has a major role in preserving overall health. B-complex vitamins are the most important vitamins in folic acid and it is proven that t they protect the heart and maintain the level of homocysteine in the body.Polyphenol defends the blood vessels from damaging oxidation.
Similarly to leeks, onions improve the health of the blood system and protect the body from cancer. The extract of onion has antibacterial properties and also contains numerous sulfides which prevent tumor growth. The regular consumption of onions strengthens your immune system, keeps bacteria away and protects from cold and flu.
It contains iron and vitamin C which keep the body vital and act against fatigue. Like its other relatives this vegetable protects against many diseases.
Garlic Mustard (Brassicaceae)
Garlic Mustard contains more vitamins,antioxidants and minerals than the common garlic. It is especially rich in vitamin A which acts as a strong antioxidant and protects the body from mouth, lung and throat cancer. It also contains a large concentration of electrolytes and minerals like calcium,potassium,phosphorus,iron and copper.